هتل زبان

اصطلاحات کاربردی و روزمره زبان انگلیسی در حوزه مهمان نوازی و پذیرائی و مرور نکات کاربردی گرامری و تصاویر مربوطه.


مکالمه

جمله های مفید موقع صحبت✅ وقتی مایل نیستید که گوینده حرفش راتکرار کند از عبارات زیر استفاده می کنید:🔹So you said. 🔹I get the point. 🔹All right, already. 🔹I heard you, already. 🔹Stop harping on that subject. 🔹You are preaching to the choir. 🔹You sound like a broken record.  ✅ وقتی می خواهید که گوینده صحبتش را تمام کند:🔹Some things are better left unsaid. 🔹Don't waste your breath. 🔹Keep it to yourself. 🔹Spare me the story. 🔹Save it! 🔹Shut up! (Impolite.) 🔹Zip up your mouth! 🔹Give it a rest! ✅وقتی می خواهید به نکته ای که در مورد آن حرف میزدید برگردید:🔹What was I saying? 🔹Where was I? 🔹What were we talking about? 🔹I've lost my train of thought for a moment. 🔹I'm a little absent-minded. ✅وقتی که می خواهید گوینده ساده و قابل فهم صحبت کند:🔹Give it to me in plain English. 🔹What does that mean in plain English? 🔹Stop circumventing the issue. 🔹Stop speaking in circles. 🔹Put your cards on the table. 🔹Don't beat around the bush. ✅ وقتی می خواهید بگید که حرف گوینده را می فهمید:🔹I understand. 🔹I see. 🔹I get it. 🔹I got it. ✅وقتی می خواهید صحبت گوینده را قطع کنید و مطلبی را بگید:🔹I'm sorry to interrupt, but you're not exactly right. 🔹I beg your pardon, but I don't think that's entirely correct. 🔹May I interrupt for a minute? 🔹Can I say something? 🔹Can I add something here? 🔹Can I put in my two cents' worth? 🔹If I may. ✅وقتی می خواهید روی جدی بودن صحبتتون تاکید کنید:🔹I'm dead serious. 🔹I'm not kidding. 🔹No kidding. 🔹No pun intended. 🔹Joking aside

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اصطلاحات رایج امریکایی

اصطلاحات رایج امریکایی 🔹You've got them shaking in their boots = They are afraid now.   🔹You'll have to sink or swim = It will be win all or lose all now.   🔹We are sitting pretty = We are in a good position.   🔹She slays me with that nonsense= She disgusts me with those silly ideas.   🔹Everything is ship shape = Everything is in good order.    🔹Why don't you sleep on it? = Think about it tonight - let me know tomorrow.   🔹We just made small talk = We didn't talk about anything serious.   🔹Go ahead and sound off = Say what you think.   🔹He's spaced out = He is on drugs.   🔹It will spread like wildfire = This idea will be very popular.   🔹They have stacked the deck = We are not playing under even conditions.   🔹They have stacked the cards = They have cheated us to their advantage.   🔹We will need to start from scratch = We need to start at the beginning.   🔹I don't want to steal his thunder = I will let him break the good news.   🔹 She tried to steal the spotlight = She wants undeserved attention.   🔹You must stick to your guns on that = Your idea is good .stay with it.   🔹He's just a stick-in-the-mud = He is too old fashioned.   🔹You won't strike it rich = This idea won't make you rich. 🔹You need to strike while the iron is hot = Do it while the opportunity is right.   🔹We won't take a back seat to them = We won't be in second place to them. 🔹We're in the driving seat = We control the situation.   🔹Our new project will soon take off = It will be a great success.    🔹You have to take your medicine = If you did wrong you must pay.   🔹You can take the floor = It is your turn - speak.   🔹You run with it = The project is yours to make it a success.   🔹Take your hat off to no one = You are as good as anyone else.   🔹We won't take sides = We will be neutral on this.   🔹That is a tall story = I don't believe your explanation. 🔹We'll throw the book at them = If they did wrong they must pay.   🔹We will throw in the towel = We give up.   🔹We'll throw in the sponge = We give up.   🔹We'll throw a party = We will have a party.   🔹She'll throw a fit = She will be extremely upset.   🔹We'll hold them to the letter = They will have to follow all the rules.   🔹Remember that time marches on = You are wasting time.   🔹I think they will tie the knot = They will get married.   🔹We're tickled to death about it = We are very pleased.

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گرامر - ساختار موازی

ساختار موازی در زبان انگلیسی 👉🏻Parallel structure در این ساختار بسیاری از جملات اطلاعاتی را در قالب سری ها یا لیست هایی بیان می کنند. سری ها می توانند دو, سه یا قسمت های بیشتری داشته باشند که همگی از ساختار گرامری یکسانی پیروی می کنند. این موضوع به عنوان ساختار موازی شناخته می شود.انواع ساختارهای موازی در ادامه همراه با مثال بیان شده است:.⚜1) سری های شامل اسمها, صفتها, قیدها یا عبارات:✅اسمها:Vitamin C is destroyed by heat or exposure to air. .ویتامین سی توسط گرما یا در معرض هوا قرار گرفتن از بین می رود----------✅صفتها:His answer to the question was inaccurate and irrational. پاسخ او به سوال, غیرصحیح و نامربوط بود.----------✅قیدها:Vitamin supplements can be prepared naturally and synthetically. ذخایر ویتامینها می توانند به صورت طبیعی یا مصنوعی آماده شوند.✅عبارات:Large amounts of vitamin C can be bought in the form of crystals, or in the form of granules. مقادیر زیادی از ویتامین سی می توانند در قالب کریستال یا کپسول خریداری شود.--------------------⚜2) اسم فعل (فعل ing دار) یا اسم مصدر:✅اسم فعل (فعل ing دار):Claims for vitamin C such as reducing stress and improving athletic performances have not been scientifically demonstrated. ادعاهایی نظیر اینکه ویتامین سی استرس را کاهش می دهد و عملکرد ورزشی را بهبود می بخشد, به صورت علمی نشان داده نشده اند.✅اسم مصدر:When people get scurvy their cells tend to disintegrate and to fall apart. وقتی مردم مبتلا به کمبود ویتامین سی (آسکوربیک) می شوند, سولهای آنها تمایل به متلاشی و از هم جدا شدن می کنند.--------------------⚜3) پیوستگی لازم (correlative conjunction):both ... and               neither ... nor             either ... or             not only ... but also Both fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamin C. هر دوی میوه ها و سبزیجات منابع غنی ویتامین سی هستند.

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کجا و چطور از And استفاده کنیم

 کجا و چطور از And استفاده کنیم How to use And👉🏻 ⚜And is one of the seven coordinating conjunctions. It joins together words, phrases and clauses that are grammatically similar. And is used between the words or clauses that it joins.   ✅noun+noun  *He ordered a beer and a sandwich.  ✅adjective+adjective  *She was tall and thin.   ✅verb+verb  *I sat and listened to live music.   ✅phrase+phrase  *My first cousin and his wife's father both work at the same institution.   ✅clause+clause  *I turned the handle and the door opened.   ✅Instead of to  In spoken English And is used after verbs such as go, come, try, write, etc. to show the purpose of an action.   *Come and see me soon.   *Let's go and find your bag.   *I'll try and do my best.  ✅For emphasis  You use and between two words that are the same in order to give special importance to something.   *More and more people are using social media.   *We discussed the problem for hours and hours!  *The little boy cried and cried.  ✅At the beginning of a sentence  In spoken English you start a sentence with and to introduce a comment, statement, question, etc.   *'I told him what happened.' 'And what was his reaction?'  ✅In numbers  When you say numbers (not dates) aloud, you use and after the words hundred, thousand and before the last number.  205: two hundred and five  733: seven hundred and thirty three  5, 861: five thousand, eight hundred and sixty one  ✅And is also used between whole numbers and fractions.   5³/₄: five and three quarters  ✅Plus  You use and in calculations to show that one number is added to another  2 and 6 makes 8.

30/مهر/1397

لیستی از رایج ترین سرواژه ها

لیستی از رایج ترین سرواژه ها در زبان انگلیسی (acronyms)🔹AIDS => Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome سندرم نقص ایمنی اکتسابی🔹ATM => Automated Teller Machine دستگاه خودپرداز🔹AWOL => Absent Without Leave غایب بدون مرخصی، غایب غیر مجاز🔹B.A => Bachelor of Arts مدرک کارشناسی در علوم انسانی🔹B.Se => Bachelor of Science مدرک کارشناسی در علوم🔹CAL => Computer-assisted learning استفاده از کامپیوتر در یادگیری🔹DNA => Deoxyribonucleic Acid دی ان ای🔹DOB => Date of Birth تاریخ تولد🔹DVD => Digital Versatile Disk دی وی دی 🔹EFL => English as a Foreign Language زبان انگلیسی برای خارجیان🔹ESL => English as a Second Language انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم🔹FAQ => Frequently Asked Questions سوالات متداول🔹FIFA => Federation Internationale de Football Association فدراسیون بین المللی فوتبال🔹HIV => Human Immunodeficiency Virus ویروس نقص ایمنی انسان🔹HR => Human Resources منابع انسانی🔹GMT => Greenwich Mean Time به وقت گرینویچ🔹GNP => gross national product تولید ناخالص ملی🔹IQ => Intelligence Quotient ضریب هوشی🔹LCD => Liquid Crystal Display ال سی دی (صفحه نمایش کریستال مایع)🔹M.A => Master of Arts مدرک کارشناسی ارشد در علوم انسانی🔹NASA => National Aeronautics and Space Administration سازمان ملی هوانوردی و فضانوردی آمریکا🔹PC => Personal Computer کامپیوتر شخصی🔹PhD => Doctorate of Philosophy درجه دکتری غیر از پزشکی🔹POW => Prisoner of War اسیر جگی🔹PR => Public Relations روابط عمومی🔹RAM => Random Access Memory (در کامپیوتر) حافظه با دسترسی تصادفی🔹UN => United Nations سازمان ملل🔹UNICEF => United Nations Children’s Education Fund صندوق کودکان ملل متحد🔹VIP => Very Important Person شخص بسیار مهم، مخصوص اشخاص بسیار مهم🔹WHO => World Health Organization سازمان جهانی بهداشت

28/مهر/1397
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